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Japanese Cardiologist  Dr. Hayashi 's Two types of Water Article

Dr. Hidemitsu Hayashi specialized in Cardiovascular Surgery after graduating in 1968 from the Medical School of Kobe University, Japan. In 1985, after 20 years of clinical experiences as a surgeon, he began advanced research on water . Dr. Hayashi would like to share his 25 years of research and documented clinical experience on the health aspects of drinking hydrogen rich water and how it can help improve your health and vitality without side effects.

Dr. Hayashi's research papers on Ionized Water are absolutely the most quoted and referenced Ionized Water research papers on the Internet.

I have concluded that there are two kinds of water: water that produces disease and water that prevents and cures disease. I must also make the following almost unbelievable point. From the dawn of the human race up to the present day, I think human beings have been acquainted with water that produces disease.This is because 99.99 percent of the water that actually exist on the earth is or was , in fact, nothing but this type of water. Thus, up until now, the human race has had to depend on "water that produces disease." As a result, since the birth of humankind, human beings have suffered from disease.Conversely, we may look at this situation in the following way.What will happen, if up until now, we had depended on the other type of water, the "water that prevents and cures disease?"Since 1985,I have been searching for the water that prevents and cures disease. During that time there were many detours, but I believe that very recently I have finally discovered what this is. In a nutshell, it is water that contains a large amount of hydrogen gas, which I have termed "Hydrogen-rich Water."Why can I say this? A detailed explanation will be provided in this guidebook, but in short, Hydrogen Rich Water gets rid of active oxygen, which is considered to be the cause of all kinds of diseases. And that is not all. The water I am proposing has another big advantage:Anyone can produce Hydrogen Rich Water easily, reliably and cheaply.I would like you, too, to check out delicious taste and wonderful qualities of Hydrogen Rich Water," the water that prevents and cures disease." The birth of the earth is supposed to have come about by means of a "big bang" that occurred between 10 and 20 billion years ago. It is also believed that the first living organisms came out into existence in the water of this planet some four billion years ago. In other words, if water had not been present on the earth some four billion years ago, living organisms would not have emerged and survived on the earth.Therefore the presence of water on the earth was the great prerequisite for the genesis and survival of all living organisms.Everyone knows that water is a compound of hydrogen and oxygen. The bonding of hydrogen and oxygen in a 2 to 1 ratio produces water, which is expressed with the chemical formula H2O.The fact that water is a compound of hydrogen and oxygen signifies that hydrogen and oxygen attract one another.In other words, if hydrogen and oxygen did not have this attraction, water would never have come into existence. Moreover, without the genesis of water, living organisms would not have come into existence either. There is an energy that works to draw these atoms to each other (covalent bond energy), and it is thanks to this energy that water was able to come into existence. Because water is what is generated by means of this covalent bond energy, the hydrogen in the water can not exist alone and independently in a form that is separate form the oxygen. Not only that, when water is infused with hydrogen gas taken from something like a compressed gas cylinder, or when hydrogen gas is generated by electrolysis to produce water with increased hydrogen(electrolyzed cathodic water), the hydrogen simply escapes into the air immediately because it is the lightest gas in the universe. This is why, as we learned in high school chemistry, there is hardly any hydrogen in water.As such the water we are familiar with is all water that contains hardly any Hydrogen gas. In short, the  water that exists in nature, the tap water produced by processing it, bottled water and so forth all have one big common characteristic: they are all "water that contains hardly any hydrogen."

Recognizing and understanding this fact from the beginning is of the utmost importance for the actualization of your good health and longevity. As mentioned in the previous chapter, living organisms first came into existence in water some four billion years ago. This tells us that the necessary condition for the genesis and survival of living organisms must lie in water. In other words, if this condition were not found in water, living organisms would not have been able to come into existence and survive in water.In other words, we must conclude that the key to the genesis and survival of them or good health and longevity of living organisms is undoubtedly to be found in water.In reality, what is the conventional wisdom concerning this topic?

It would probably be, "The key to good health and longevity couldn't be found in water!..." All I can say, however, is that this sort of thinking is in fact sheer nonsense. It is nothing but an irrational opinion that ignores the truth about the health and longevity of living organisms.In my view, we cannot help but conclude that the key to the genesis and survival of living organisms, namely our own health and longevity, is to be found in water. No other way of thinking could explain the fact that the genesis and survival of living organisms in water has been repeating itself for some four billion years on a continuous basis.Taking it back a step, this is not even a question of health and illness, because if water had not existed on the earth, and the key to health and longevity were not to be found in water, all living organisms would not have come into being to start with. Therefore, what we have to think about now are the following questions, which are the only relevant issues.

1. What kind of water would be water that maintains good health and cures disease? And conversely,

2. What kind of water would be water that is detrimental to health and produces disease?

These are the questions that are most for us to consider, rather than repeating the generally held conventional wisdom "The key to good health and longevity couldn't be found in water".As mentioned in the preface, I have concluded that water can be divided into two kinds: water that produces disease and water that prevents and cures disease. First, I shall explain about water that produces disease."Water that produces disease" refers to the water we drink everyday without much thought. This includes tap water, well water, rain water, water from lakes and mountain streams, underground water and spring water. In short, it is the water we usually call natural water or spring water.Even tap water is really natural water if you consider where it comes from. It is simply natural water that has undergone processing at a water purification plant, where it is infused with chlorine or ozone gas to disinfect. The various kinds of bottled water sold in convenience stores and supermarkets, such as natural water, spring water, mineral water, famous waters from various regions all over Japan, famous name-brand water and so forth also fall into the same category. In other words, 99.9 percent of the water we drink on a daily basis is in fact nothing more than this water that produces disease. Why am I able to make this statement? And what on earth are the characteristics of " water that produces disease ?"Put simply, the most important characteristic is the fact that such water hardly contains any hydrogen; in the water found in nature, there is almost no hydrogen gas.

The reason for this, as mentioned earlier, is that although water is composed of two hydrogens and one oxygen, the action of covalent energy operating between the hydrogen and oxygen makes it extremely difficult for hydrogen to exist on its in a form that is separate from oxygen and independent of the oxygen. Furthermore, water containing abundant hydrogen does not exist in nature because even water that starts out containing abundant hydrogen loses it immediately. This means that  up to 99.9 percent of the water in nature is nothing but " hydrogen poor water."This hydrogen poor water is none other than the "water that produces disease. The reason is that hydrogen(active hydrogen) is necessary to getting rid of active oxygen, which is the cause of all kinds of diseases, and hydrogen poor water is water that is deprived of this crucial hydrogen that is essential for removing active oxygen. In other words, it is extremely ineffective in getting rid of active oxygen, and it follows  that hydrogen poor water is none other than water that produces disease.We have seen that water that produces disease refers to hydrogen poor water. On the other hand, water that prevents and cures disease refers to water that contains a lot of hydrogen, namely, Hydrogen Enriched Water. ( Please note that "hydrogen poor and hydrogen enriched water are terms I have coined.)

The basis for this, in brief, is that the abundant hydrogen found in Hydrogen Enriched Water becomes active hydrogen in the body and removes the active oxygen that is considered to be the cause of all kinds of diseases. In recent times practically everyone has seen or heard, on television, radio, newspapers and health magazines, the expression " active oxygen is the cause of all kinds of diseases." Active oxygen is exactly what the words include: oxygen that is active.

The action of oxygen is oxidation, which means that it burns things up or produces rust on metals such as iron and copper. Active oxygen thus means oxygen with a particularly strong oxidizing action. Expressed metaphorically, if we compare the oxygen we normally breathe to kerosine, active oxygen would correspond to gasoline. A simple explanation of the expression "active oxygen is the cause of all kinds of diseases" is that because active oxygen has a particularly strong oxidizing action ( oxidative damage ) on genes(DNA),it damages the genes and causes diseases.Life is maintained in our body by the metabolism in which the oxygen we breathe in  through our lungs burns up the food we take in through our mouths, and the byproduct of this process is active oxygen, which is emitted as a kind of combustion gas. Let us describe this reaction, in which the air we take in through our lungs " oxidizes" our food, from the viewpoint of the food. What happens is that the food "reduces" the oxygen.

The ordinary oxygen that is reduced by the food becomes active oxygen.We maintain our lives by breathing oxygen ; however, since it is believed that  around two percent of the oxygen we breathe in is transformed into active oxygen, we cannot avoid producing active oxygen as long as we are alive. Therefore to preserve our health it is necessary to suppress the active oxygen that we are constantly producing and trump card doing this is hydrogen enriched water.

 Active oxygen is something like the exhaust fumes produced by automobile engines. If we liken gasoline to food and air to oxygen, active oxygen would correspond to the exhaust fumes produced after the gasoline has combusted.As already mentioned, it is believed that in burning up our food, around two percent of the oxygen we breathe in through our lungs becomes active oxygen.We breathe about twenty times per minute, and active oxygen is being produced in our bodies each time we breathe. Since the volume of air we breathe in with each breath is 500 cc, we are breathing in about 10,000 cc of air per minuteAs twenty percent of this air, or 2,000 cc, consists of oxygen, two percent of this amount, or 40 cc, becomesactive oxygen.  Thus, each minute about 40 cc of active oxygen is being produced in our bodies. This amounts to 24,000 cc per hour and 57,600 cc per day of active oxygen. Considering this moment-by-moment production of large amounts of active oxygen in our bodies, it is no wonder that we tend to fall prey to disease. We, on the other hand, have in our bodies several enzymes, such as SOD(superoxide dismutase), catalase and glutathione peroxidase, which remove this active oxygen.As we get older, however, the function of these enzymes alone becomes insufficient to dispose of the active oxygen effectively. As a result, we fall to prey to various diseases. This means that if we could dispose of the "active oxygen" effectively, we would be able to achieve good health and longevity. The functional mechanism of active oxygen is oxidation. In order to suppress the (particularly strong) oxidizing function of active oxygen, it follows that we require a substance that has the opposite function to oxidation. The opposite function to oxidation is reduction, and reduction originally refers to the function of hydrogen. Consequently, we can say that the originator of reduction is none other than hydrogen. It turns out that the true form of reduction is the function of hydrogen. Incidentally, various substances have been proposed as substances capable of removing active oxygen; that is, substances with reduction effect (anti-oxidants).Among these, the most effective one is undoubtedly active hydrogen. The other so-called anti-oxidant substances cannot compare to it. As mentioned previously, active oxygen is oxygen with a particularly strong oxidizing function. What we normally call "hydrogen" refers to molecular hydrogen or H2. In contrast, atomic hydrogen or H is specially called "active hydrogen" because it has a particularly strong reducing function.

Let us look at Table 1 in the last section of this booklet.

The water around us (such as tap water) is hydrogen poor water, but if you infuse this water with hydrogen gas taken from a hydrogen gas cylinder, it can reach up to a value of 1.49 ppm ( hydrogen saturated water ). Meanwhile, by inserting the hydrogen producing mineral stick into the same water, you can obtain water that is abundant in hydrogen, which I call Hydrogen Enriched Water.

Now, what happens when we incorporate Hydrogen Rich Water into our everyday lives ?
In a nutshell, there will be a huge decrease in our probability of getting sick.

Why is it possible to make this statement ? Because the thinking goes as follows

When Hydrogen Rich Water,( water rich in molecular hydrogen ),enters our body, this molecular hydrogen is broken down into atomic(atomic hydrogen) in the body. The active hydrogen bonds with active oxygen, though to cause all kinds of diseases to produce safe, non-toxic water that leaves the body in the form of urine and sweat.In short, we may consider that when Hydrogen Rich Water enters our body, it gets rid of the active oxygen that is produced in the body from moment to moment. Therefore there is a significant decrease in our probability of getting sick.  Hydrogenases are enzymes that can reversibly split molecular hydrogen to produce atomic hydrogen.It is believed that we apparently have such hydrogenases in our bodies. Incidentally, all living organisms on this earth, both plant and animal, are termed "DNA organisms." This means that all living organisms on the earth share common ancestor. I will now write about our ancestor born 3.8 billion years ago.In 1997,an article called "Biological Activition of Hydrogen " by R.P.Happe of Amsterdam University was submitted in the English Journal" "Nature", Vol. 385,pp 126,'97. The main thrust of this article is as follows. Hydrogenases are enzymes that can reversibly split molecular hydrogen. ...... the crystal structure of a Ni/Fe hydrogenase (from the bacterium Desulfovibrio gigas) was reported. ...... Ni/Fe hydrogenases are among the oldest enzymes (3.8 billion years old) , demonstrating that early life forms had developed an effective way to activate molecular hydrogen at ambient temperature and pH....... .

My own explanation of this article is as follows.

It is active oxygen that threatens the survival of living organisms. For living organisms to survive, it was necessary to develop a mechanism for scavenging active oxygen. The best way to scavenge active oxygen is by means of atomic (active) hydrogen. To produce atomic (active) hydrogen, it is necessary to split molecular hydrogen. The hydrogenase developed by bacteria 3.8 billion years ago, an enzyme that split molecular to produce atomic hydrogen.
We have seen, then. that to ensure their own survival, it was necessary for living organisms to achieve the ability to produce active hydrogen in order to scavenge active oxygen ; hydrogenase developed by the oldest bacteria 3.8 billion years old was one of theses enzymes. Moreover, we may consider that this hydrogenase was the ancestor found in the bodies of higher creatures including ourselves. Now we will talk about the actual method of making Hydrogen Rich Water . The well known method in Japan is the electrolysis of water (the principle of electrolysis of water is to split water, a compound of hydrogen and oxygen, back into original hydrogen and oxygen.). The two kinds of water obtained by this process have been called ionized alkaline water (water with increased hydrogen) and ionized acidic water(water with increased oxygen), which you have probably heard of. I studied electrolyzed water for many years, and it is true that this cathodic water contains a large amount of hydrogen immediately after it is produced.
However, since hydrogen is the lightest element in the universe, this water loses its hydrogen rapidly, and in 2001 it was revealed that it reverts to ordinary water only several minutes after it is produced. Therefore I decided to call this cathodic water ”Temporarily Hydrogen Rich Water " (hydrogen rich only after electrolysis). In contrast, the water I have named " Constantly Hydrogen Rich Water ", and which I am now presenting as a new proposal, is water obtained according to chemical formula written below. It is a reaction in which magnesium metal reacts with water to produce magnesium hydroxide, while producing at the same time atomic hydrogen which then makes molecular hydrogen.

Mg + 2H2O
Mg(OH)2 + 2H Mg(OH)2 + H2

Mg = Magnesium Metal H2O = Water
Mg(OH)2 = Magnesium Hydroxide H = Atomic Hydrogen (Active Hydrogen)
H2 = Molecular Hydrogen (Hydrogen Gas) 

 Incidentally, general textbooks say that magnesium does not react with cold water or room-temperature water. Actually, however, we have verified experimentally that magnesium reacts well even with cold water to produce hydrogen gas.Please see the home page of the Ishikawa Prefectural Komatsu Technical High School (http://www.kth.ed.jp/pub/staff/gie/index.html) for the following:
" ...magnesium powder is not soluble in water. It reacts gradually with cold water and intensely with hot water, producing hydrogen. It dissolves in dilute acids and alkaline, producing hydrogen...."  Our new proposal concerns the Hydrogen Producing Mineral Stick made of a magnesium base mixed with natural pebbles. Simply by inserting this stick into water, you can make Hydrogen Rich Water easily, reliably and inexpensively.

A week or two after people begin to use Hydrogen Rich Water, they notice that their feces have literally changed in comparison to when they were using tap water (hydrogen poor water).That is, the "blackish brown, bad-smelling, hard, heavy feces" of the tap water days changed to " light brown, soft, light feces without a strong bad odor, ",similar to the bowel movements that appear in the diapers of a breastfed baby.

We adults tend to think that it is natural for adults feces to have a bad smell, but this is actually a great misconception.

Every breastfeeding mother knows from her experience that when her baby has light- colored soft stool with very little bad odor, she can be sure that the baby is healthy, drinking plenty of breast milk, and growing well. On the other hand, when the baby has "blackish,bad-smelling,hard stool," the baby is cranky and feverish, and sometimes vomits up milk.The condition of producing offensive feces is generally called abnormal fermentation of gastrointestinal tract, which indicates the opposite of normal fermentation ,but simply put, it is "decay."In other words, if the food we take in by mouth has a rotten smell (bad smell) when it is excreted from the anus, this means abnormal fermentation has taken place.Let us look at a simple explanation concerning the substances that cause disgusting feces brought about by abnormal gastrointestinal fermentation Some of the substances that cause disgusting feces are hydrogen sulfide, ammonia, histamine, indole, phenol or nitrosamine, all of which are toxic, pathogenic, substances. Hydrogen Sulfide : A strongly toxic substance with a distinctive rotten-egg odor.

  • Ammonia : A strongly toxic substance with a distinctive irritating odor commonly found in public toilets.

  • Histamine : A substance that triggers allergic conditions.

  • Indole : A toxic, carcinogenic substances with a smell like rotten onions.

  • Phenol : Recognized to be carcinogens due to carbolic acid.

  • Nitrosamine : Known as a first-class carcinogen.

    In a sense, failing to deal with offensive feces is like having a time bomb in your body. You can, however, defuse this time bomb by drinking Hydrogen Rich Water.

  • I have concluded that modern medicine is nothing more than "medicine to alleviate downstream pollution while leaving upstream pollution alone." Let me explain the basis of this argument.When we digest the food we take in by mouth in our stomach and intestines, these digested nutrients are absorbed through the intestinal walls. The nutrients absorbed through the intestinal walls pass through the portal veins and are carried to the liver in that order. The nutrients that are carried to the liver undergo various metabolic processes, after which they pass through the hepatic vein into vena cava inferior and carried to the organs all over the body by general circulation. That is to say, they are transported in this order: Liver ► Hepatic vein ► Vena cava inferior ► General circulation ►Organs all over the body.

  • As a whole, the order is:

  • Digestive system ► Portal vein ► Liver ► Organs all over the body. If we think of the liver as a kind of "checkpoint station", the parts of the process that occur before reaching the liver can be referred to as "upstream", and the parts that take place after leaving the liver as "downstream."It means "production of offensive feces" by "abnormal gastrointestinal fermentation." Because the substances that cause offensive feces are substances that result from the putrefaction of protein (eggs, fish or meat), they are called "putrefied metabolites." In short, it is as if people who always excrete offensive feces were eating rotten eggs, fish and meat everyday. The difference is that if they were eating rotten food, they would get sick immediately, while in this case the food rots after they eat it, so it takes more time for them to get sick. Therefore, it is important to lead a lifestyle which does not produce offensive feces. But now we have what can change offensive feces into clean feces as if by magic, that is Hydrogen Rich Water. It is believed that in the near future hydrogen will change our lives from their very foundation.What interests me in particular is that this time comes , it will be extremely simple for every household to produce its own Hydrogen Rich Water.Something that is attracting a great deal of attention at the moment is the fuel cell automobile. The fuel cell vehicle is based on the principle of running on the energy generated by the chemical reaction between hydrogen and oxygen. This would be the ultimate eco-car because the only byproduct of this reaction is water. Another reported idea is the use of this same principle for an electrical power generator to be installed in homes as a power source for lighting, heating as well as mechanical application. When this happens, the world would literally change because each household would have its own power station and there would be no more need for thermal, hydro and atomic power plants, as well as power lines and steel towers.When Hydrogen Rich Water can be obtained simply, reliably and cheaply, I think the world will change dramatically in a different sense from that mentioned above.That is, maintaining good health and preventing disease will no longer be considered topics worth discussing, and people will not constantly be making a fuss of diseases (“It’s cancer!” ”It’s diabetes!” ”It’s hay fever!”) as is presently the case.Also, if you have drunk a little too much alcohol or smoked a little too much, or don’t feel well, or seem to be catching a cold, or have caught influenza, it would be easy to get rid of the symptoms simply by consciously increasing your intake of Hydrogen Rich Water.Now I think you understand my statement that "Modern Medicine is medicine to alleviate downstream pollution while leaving upstream pollution alone."What, then, does "upstream pollution " mean ?  Looking at metabolism this way, we see that when the "upstream" is polluted, the "downstream" will become polluted as well. Thus, the disease-causing substances of upstream will cause diseases of downstream.As shown in Illustration , the portion from the mouth to the liver can be called as "upstream" ( Lake Ontario : checkpoint before liver) while the organs that come after the liver can be as called as "downstream" (River Saint Lawrence : checkpoint after liver).I would like to end with the philosophy I have learned from Hydrogen Rich Water during these past eighteen years. I think hydrogen should be called “ the source.” That is to say, hydrogen, the element with the atomic number One, is the “source” of all the other elements, and the sun, which nurtures all things with its solar energy, is actually a big ball of hydrogen. At the same time it is hydrogen atom, or active hydrogen, that protects us living organisms from disease.My conclusion follows below.
    I propose that the Creator of the universe, and the Creator of all living things, created hydrogen as the first element in order to protect all its living creatures from disease.

    It can be said that tap water hardly contains hydrogen gas ([1]).
  • Hydrogen gas from gas cylinder is infused into the tap water until Hydrogen
    content is considered to reach its maximum (saturated) level([2]).

  • One, two or three sticks are inserted into the corresponding bottles filled with
    1 liter of water and each hydrogen content was estimated after 12 hours passed.
    It can be said that hydrogen content of the bottle with 3 sticks reaches 80 %
    of the maximum level of ([2])( 1.203 vs 1.490 ).

    (1) When oxygen ( O2 ) breathed in through the lungs oxidizes food taken by mouth, it is reduced by the food and produces active oxygen O2- ( superoxide anion radical ). (2) O2- is further reduced by hydrogen atom H ( active hydrogen radical ), producing active oxygen H2O2 ( hydrogen peroxide ). (3) H2O2 is further reduced, producing active oxygen HO hydroxyl radical and hydroxide anion ( HO- )(4) HO is reduced by hydrogen atom, producing water ( H2O )(5) HO- is also reduced by proton ( H+ ), producing water. CONCLUSION Oxygen from the lungs keeps producing active oxygen species ( O2-, H2O2, HO) in the body, but these kinds of active oxygen species are reduced successively through bonding with atomic hydrogen (active hydrogen ) and eventually revert back to the original water.

    O2 e- → O2-

    O2- H H+ → H2O2

    H2O2 e- → HO HO-

    HO H → H2O

    HO- H+ → H2O

    Dr. Hidemitsu Hayashi specialized in Cardiovascular Surgery after graduating in 1968 from the Medical School of Kobe University, Japan. In 1985, after 20 years of clinical experiences as a surgeon, he began advanced research on water . Dr. Hayashi would like to share his 25 years of research and documented clinical experience on the health aspects of drinking hydrogen rich water and how it can help improve your health and vitality without side effects.

    Dr. Hayashi's research papers on Ionized Water are absolutely the most quoted and referenced Ionized Water research papers on the Internet.

    SCIENTISTS EXPLAIN KANGEN WATER 

  • Scientist Ray Kurzweil Answers Kangen WaterTM    Questions

    ray kurzweil alkaline waterRay Kurzweil is a world renown scientist who was curious enough to do research on the amazing benefits of alkaline water. He confirms everything healthalkaline.com says about ionized water. Read more about Kurzweil.

    Ray Kurzweil drinks 10 glasses of Kangen Water a day and believes it will help him live a long and healthy life.

    In this Q and A he answers your questions about Alkaline Water based on his own research and knowledge.

    Question: I have read on the Internet that it is not possible to create alkaline or acid water from pure water and that water that is pure enough to drink cannot be split into alkaline and acid components. Is this true?

    Ray Kurzweil: As responsible scientists, we had the same skepticism when we first heard about alkaline water. Therefore, the first thing we did was to purchase a water alkalinizer as well as an accurate electronic pH meter. We ran tap water with pH 7.1 from our home faucet into the device and found that the water coming out of the alkaline outlet had a pH of 9.5 (indicating very alkaline), while the water from the acid outlet measured pH 4.5 (indicating very acidic).

    We repeated this experiment with a variety of tap waters obtaining alkaline outputs with a pH ranging from 9.5 to 9.9. It is true that “pure” or distilled water can not be ionized. If you were to try to “split” distilled water, it would not work. Tap or spring water, however, has dissolved minerals in it. It’s the minerals in the water; primarily calcium, potassium and magnesium that allow water to be “split” by an electric current into alkaline, “electron-rich” (i.e., containing negatively charged ions that can engage in chemical reactions to provide electrons to positively charged free radicals) and acid, “electron-deficient” components. Individuals who say it is not possible to split tap or spring water are misinformed.

    One site on the Internet states “Ionized water is nothing more than sales fiction; the term is meaningless to chemists. Most water that is fit for drinking is too unconductive to undergo significant electrolysis.”

    That statement is easily shown to be incorrect with a simple pH meter and an electrolysis machine. Most tap waters run through the machine produce highly alkaline water as measured by a pH meter.

    Question: Since you advocate drinking alkaline water, why not simply mix something like sodium bicarbonate (baking soda) with water and drink that? There are, in fact, alkaline waters sold that are made by mixing water with bicarbonate. Wouldn’t that work as well and be much less expensive than a water alkalinizer?

    Ray Kurzweil: There are more benefits to “alkaline water” than simply the alkalinity or pH. The most important feature of alkaline water produced by a water alkalinizer is its oxidation reduction potential (ORP). Water with a high negative ORP is of particular value in its ability to neutralize oxygen free radicals.

    ORP can also be directly tested using an ORP sensor and meter. We have conducted these experiments as well. We found that water coming directly from the tap had an ORP of +290mV, while the water coming out of the water alkalinizer had a negative ORP. The more negative the ORP of a substance (that is, the higher its negative ORP), the more likely it is to engage in chemical reactions that donate electrons. These electrons are immediately available to engage in reactions that neutralize positively charged free radicals. This is the key benefit of water produced by a water alkalinizer that is not available by simply drinking water than has had some bicarb or other compounds dissolved in it to make it alkaline.

    Although water mixed with bicarbonate is indeed alkaline, it does not have a negative ORP; rather it has a positive ORP, meaning that it is unable to neutralize dangerous oxygen free radicals. Alkaline water produced by running tap water through an electrolysis machine does have a high negative ORP, meaning that it does have the ability to neutralize oxygen free radicals. We have confirmed these ORP measurements through our direct tests.

    Question: OK, why is it important to drink alkaline water with a high negative ORP?

    Ray Kurzweil: All chemical reactions occur with the transfer of electrons. Negatively charged entities are said to be reducing agents, meaning they are relatively electron rich and are able to donate electrons, reducing the charge of the entity with which they react. Relatively electron-poor entities are referred to as oxidizing agents, meaning they tend to pull electrons away. Thus, each substance in our body may act as either an oxidizing or reducing agent.

    However, not just any negatively charged ion will be able to engage in the specific chemical reactions needed to neutralize oxygen free radicals. The HCO3- (bicarbonate) ions in alkaline bicarb water do not have this potential, whereas the OH- and mineral-rich water coming from an electrolysis machine (from tap water) does have this potential. That is implied in the negative value of the “oxidation reduction potential.”

    Free radicals are among the most damaging molecules in the body and are highly unstable molecules that are oxidizing agents and are electron deficient. They are a principal cause of damage and disease in the body. Oxygen free radicals contribute significantly to a broad variety of harmful conditions in the body ranging from life-threatening conditions such as heart disease, stroke and cancer, to less severe conditions such as sunburns, arthritis, cataracts, and many others. Free radicals MUST get electrons from somewhere and will steal them from whatever molecules are around, including normal, healthy tissues.

    Damage to tissues results when free radicals strip these electrons from healthy cells. If the damage goes on unchecked, this will lead to disease. For example, the oxidation of LDL cholesterol particles in arterial walls by free radicals triggers an immune system response that results in atherosclerosis, the principal cause of heart disease. The negative ions in alkaline water from an electrolysis machine are a rich source of electrons that can be donated to these free radicals in the body, neutralizing them and stopping them from damaging healthy tissues. Specifically, these ions have the potential to engage in the chemical reactions necessary to neutralize oxygen free radicals.

    Vitamin C and E, grape seed extract and alpha lipoic acid, for example, are all powerful electron donors. The vegetable-rich diet we recommend is alkaline and helps donate electrons to the body. Alkaline, electron-rich water falls in the same category. It can help with your body’s need for electrons to counteract free radicals.

    Interestingly, we also tested vegetable juice with the ORP meter and found that it also has a high negative ORP, meaning that it is able to neutralize oxygen free radicals. So at least one of the important benefits of eating vegetables can be obtained from drinking the high negative ORP alkaline water from an electrolysis machine.

    Another benefit of drinking alkaline water is that it assists in the absorption of minerals. We know that if the body is not absorbing enough minerals, it will rob minerals from the body’s mineral reserves, chiefly calcium from the bones.

    It is well known that many chronic diseases result in excess acidity of the body (metabolic acidosis). We also know that the body tends to become more acidic due to modern dietary habits and lifestyles and the aging process itself. By drinking high negative ORP alkaline water, you combat metabolic acidosis and improve absorption of nutrients.

    The blood is carefully buffered to keep it in a narrow range between pH 7.35 to 7.45. The body keeps blood pH stable by utilizing alkaline buffers, chiefly bicarbonate, to neutralize acidic liquids (such as colas, which have a pH as low as 2.5) and other acidic products and byproducts. But as the blood stream receives these acidic substances, the alkaline buffers get used up.

    Drinking alkaline water helps reduce the burden on the limited alkaline buffers which are needed for the body’s natural detoxification processes.

    Question: Is there research that actually shows the benefits of drinking alkaline water?

    Ray Kurzweil: A number of studies are summarized below. One study described below suggests that alkaline water encourages “friendly” anaerobic microflora in the human intestinal tract, and discourages “unfriendly” aerobic organisms. The researcher (see Vorobjeva NV below) writes: “Many diseases of the intestine are due to a disturbance in the balance of the microorganisms inhabiting the gut. The treatment of such diseases involves the restoration of the quantity and/or balance of residential microflora in the intestinal tract. It is known that aerobes and anaerobes grow at different oxidation-reduction potentials (ORP). The former require positive E(h) values up to +400 mV. Anaerobes do not grow unless the E(h) value is negative between -300 and -400 mV. In this work, it is suggested that prerequisite for the recovery and maintenance of obligatory anaerobic microflora in the intestinal tract is a negative ORP value of the intestinal milieu. Electrolyzed reducing water with E(h) values between 0 and -300 mV produced in electrolysis devices possesses this property. Drinking such water favours the growth of residential microflora in the gut. A sufficient array of data confirms this idea.”

  • Dr. Grossman has also had many of his patients report of health benefits they have experienced from drinking alkaline electron-rich water.Question: How can alkaline water with a pH of 9 or 10 be expected to affect the body when the pH of the stomach is 2 or less?

  • Ray Kurzweil: It is important to remember that large amounts of hydrochloric acid are present in the stomach primarily when food is there. There is only a small amount of acid in stomach when it is empty, and this can be easily overcome when alkaline electron-rich water is consumed. Therefore, in order to gain maximum benefit, we recommend drinking alkaline water in between meals. Water consumed between meals will very quickly pass through the stomach and the GI tract.